Institutional First Baptist Church Weekly Sermon
Delivered By
Dr. E. G. Sherman, Jr
Delivered On
November 30, 2014 at 10:45 AM
The Church: It's Origin, Nature and Functions
Dr. E. G. Sherman, Jr. Sunday November 30, 2014
The Church: Its Origin, Nature, and Functions
Matt. 16:18, 18:17; 1st Cor. 1:2; Acts 7:38, 19:32.
My Beloved Readers: Hopefully, you have enjoyed a blessed 
Thanksgiving! The study herein posted differs from the regular 
narrative sermon format. The 5th Sunday Worship is known as 
Sing-Along- Worship and the message is presented as a 
Biblical Seminar with the pastor teaching from the floor instead 
of the Pulpit. 

A. “The Bible recognizes three major divisions of the human 
family...the Jew, the Gentile, and the Church.. 1Cor.10:32. 
B. Worship during the Old Testament period occurred in a 
non Church setting. 
C. It evolved progressively through the following stages: 
- the natural or open setting, ex. Mt. Moriah 
- the tent 
- the Tabernacle 
- the Temple 
- the Synagogue 
C. The Synagogue was carried over from the Old to the New 
Testament as the Worship Place. ( Luke 4:16 ). 

D. It was in existence when Jesus stated that he would build 
his Church ( Matthew 16:18 ). 
- The Old Testament ( 5,000 B.C. to 1 A.D. ) 
- The New Testament: 
(1) 1 A.D. to 30 A.D. -----The birth of Jesus to the beginning of 
His ministry 
(2) 30 A.D. to 33 A.D. ---- The ministry of Jesus including his 
promise of the Church, the Great 
Commission, and promise of the Holy 
(3) 33 A.D. ------------------The Day of Pentecost, Peter's 
sermon and the beginning of 
the Church. 

(4) 34 A.D. to 100 A.D. — This period is known as the Apostolic 
Fathers. Two persons are especially 
important: James who pastored first 
Church in Jerusalem and Paul whose 
Missionary Journeys led to 
Churches in the Gentile World. This 
period ended with the writing of 
Revelation and the Death of Saint 
John the Divine. 

(5) Special Note on Black History - An Ethiopian Eunuch was 
baptized and established the first 
Church for Blacks ( Acts 8: 26-39 ) 
A. “ The word church is not found in the Old Testament because 
of the fact that the Church did not then exist...” 
B. “As used in the New Testament, the word church means a 
called-our or assembled company of people. This definition 
has two distinct applications: (1) In its less important 
usage it refers to a local gathering of people ( I Cor. 1:2 ). In 
its more important usage it refers to a company of people 
called out from the old creation into the new and being 
united in the body of Christ.” 
C. The word church is used but twice in the four Gospels: once 
of the local assembly of people ( Matt 18:17 ), and once in the 
prophecy by Christ of the true Church which was yet to be 
formed ( Matt. 16:18 ). 
D. The Church can be viewed from three perspectives: 
- Ideational ........ doctrines, creeds, beliefs, and theology 
- Behavioral ....... actions, practices and rituals 
- Materialistic ..... buildings, facilities, land, and books 
E. Invitation to discipleship @ a Christening Ceremony 

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